The Human Truth Foundation

United Kingdom
National Successes and Social Failures

By Vexen Crabtree 2004

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#beliefs #france #religion #UK

UK
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index11st best
CapitalLondon
Land Area 241 930km21
LocationEurope
Population62.8m (2011)2
Life Expectancy80.85yrs (2017)3
GNI$37 931 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesGB, GBR, 8265
Internet Domain.uk6
CurrencyPound (GBP)7
Telephone+448

1. Lonely Planet Introduction 9

Book CoverTower Bridge, Buckingham Palace... England does icons like no other place on earth, and travel here is a fascinating mix of famous names and hidden gems. ... In the cities, the streets buzz day and night, filled with tempting shops and restaurants, and some of the finest museums in the world. After dark, cutting-edge clubs, top-class theatre and formidable live music provide nights to remember. Next day, you´re deep in the English countryside admiring quaint villages or enjoying a classic seaside resort. There really is something for everyone, whether you´re eight or 80, going solo or travelling with your friends, your kids or your grandma. Travel here is a breeze, and although the locals may grumble (in fact, it´s a national pastime) public transport is very good, and a train ride through the English landscape can be a highlight in itself. Whichever way you get around, in this compact country you´re never far from the next town, pub, restaurant, national park or the next impressive castle on your hit list of highlights.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

From the breathtaking geological wonders of the north coast to the gritty murals of Belfast, Northern Ireland is full of a dramatic beauty that beckons to the traveller. [...] The regional capital, Belfast, has shrugged off its bomb-scarred past and reinvented itself as one of the most exciting and dynamic cities in Britain... You can explore the tensions as they´re expressed today on a tour of the iconic neighbourhoods of West Belfast or in the province´s second city, Derry (or Londonderry), which is leading the north´s cultural revival. And it wouldn´t be Ireland if it didn´t have its fair share of stunning landscapes: from the Antrim Coast and its world-famous Giant´s Causeway to the mountains of Mourne in south County Down.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)11

Like a fine single malt, Scotland is a connoisseur´s delight - a blend of stunning scenery and sophisticated cities, salt-tanged sea air and dark peaty waters, outdoor adventure and deep history. Scotland harbours some of the largest areas of wilderness left in Western Europe, a wildlife haven where you can see golden eagles soar above the lochs and mountains of the northern Highlands, spot otters tumbling in the kelp along the shores of the Outer Hebrides, and watch minke whales breach through shoals of mackerel off the coast of Mull. It´s also a land with a rich, multilayered history, a place where every corner of the landscape is steeped in the past - a deserted croft on an island shore, a moor that was once a battlefield, a beach where Vikings hauled their boats ashore, or a cave that once sheltered Bonnie Prince Charlie.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)12

The phrase `good things come in small packages´ may be a cliché, but in the case of Wales it´s undeniably true. Compact but geologically diverse, Wales offers myriad opportunities for escaping into nature. It may not be wild in the classic sense - humans have been shaping this land for millennia - but there are plenty of lonely corners to explore, lurking behind mountains, within river valleys and along surf-battered cliffs. An extensive network of paths makes Wales a hiker´s paradise. Even more untamed are the islands scattered just off the coast, some of which are important wildlife sanctuaries. Castles are... absolutely everywhere. You could visit a different one every day for a year and still not see them all.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)13

2. UK National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank14
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
13New Zealand13
14Sweden14
15Liechtenstein15
16UK16
17Japan17
18Korea, S.18
19Israel19
20Luxembourg20
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
Higher is better

Points15
1Iceland84.1
2Sweden80.8
3Norway80.0
...
8Switzerland77.7
9Luxembourg77.7
10New Zealand77.4
11UK77.1
12Australia76.8
13Netherlands76.7
14Ireland76.5
15Canada75.9
World Avg54.5
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
152Romania33.6
153USA33.8
154New Zealand34.9
155UK35.0
156Barbados35.6
157Lithuania36.0
158Czech Rep.36.1
159Cuba36.2
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)
%17
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
81Paraguay7.9
82Russia7.9
83Mali7.6
84UK7.5
85Honduras7.5
86Austria7.1
87Uzbekistan7.0
88Bolivia6.8
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
18
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
17Denmark1.88
18Bahamas1.88
19Finland1.87
20UK1.87
21New Zealand2.15
22Azerbaijan2.16
23Chile1.84
24Bangladesh2.16
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)
%17
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
44Moldova11.4
45Belarus11.4
46Iceland11.3
47UK11.2
48Ivory Coast11.2
49Barbados10.9
50France10.7
51Costa Rica10.5
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years19
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
24Ireland81.05
25Finland81.01
26Belgium80.98
27UK80.85
28Malta80.73
29Slovenia80.58
30Denmark80.41
31Cyprus80.33
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)20
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
19Thailand69.9m
20Congo, DR69.6m
21France63.5m
22UK62.8m
23Italy61.0m
24S. Africa50.7m
25Myanmar (Burma)48.7m
26Korea, S.48.6m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

The UK's population is predicted to rise to 69.31 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.87. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Gender Inequality (2015)
Lower is better21
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
25Lithuania0.12
26Ireland0.13
27Czech Rep.0.13
28UK0.13
29Estonia0.13
30Poland0.14
31Croatia0.14
32Belarus0.14
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better

Year22
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
30Mongolia1924
31St Lucia1924
32Turkmenistan1927
33UK1928
34S. Africa1930
35Sri Lanka1931
36Spain1931
37Maldives1932
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

UK is on the way towards ending gender inequality.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #buddhism #christianity #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #universalism

Religion in the United Kingdom: Diversity, Trends and Decline: Statistical and analytical review of mainstream and minority faiths in the UK

Religiosity (2009)
Lower is better
%23
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
6UK27
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better24
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
8Belgium43
9Netherlands42
10Germany42
11UK42
12Cuba40
13Slovenia35
14Bulgaria34
15Hungary32
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below25:

Christian71.1%
Muslim4.4%
Hindu1.3%
Buddhist0.4%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.5%
Unaffiliated21.3%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 76% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (42%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 78% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 27% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on UK26. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 10%. More people don't know what to believe (32%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (31%). Also, 3% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 5% believe in reincarnation.

With over 170 distinct religions counted, the religious make-up of the UK is diverse, complex and multicultural. The 2011 Census shows that minority and alternative religions are steadily growing, as is Islam. Less than half of the British people believe in a God and from 2009 the annual British Social Attitudes results has revealed that over 50% of us say we're not religious27 and a 2014 YouGov poll saw 77% of the British public say they're not very, or not at all, religious28. Comprehensive professional research in 2006 by Tearfund found that two thirds (66% - 32.2 million people) in the UK have no connection with any religion or church29.

However people continue to put down what they think is their "official" religion on official forms. As a result of this Census Effect in the 2011 National Census, 59.3% of us put their religion down as "Christian"30. Half of those who say they have no religion to pollsters still put one down on the 2011 Census. Even despite this, Christian numbers are substantially down from the 2001 figure of 72%. Religion in Britain has suffered an immense general decline since the 1950s. Between 1979 and 2005, half of all Christians stopped going to church on a Sunday. Four in five britons want religion to be private, not public, and have no place in politics31. All indicators show a continued secularisation of British society in line with other European countries such as France.

Link:

Links:

6. The Internet

Freedom On The Internet (2012)
Lower is better
32
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
4Australia18
5Hungary19
6Philippines23
7Italy23
8UK25
9S. Africa26
10Argentina26
11Ukraine27
12Brazil27
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
33
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
9Netherlands94%
10Sweden93%
11Monaco93%
12UK93%
13Finland93%
14Qatar92%
15UAE92%
16Bahrain92%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio34
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
7India26.8
8Portugal26.6
9Ireland26.1
10UK24.7
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
13Canada18.3
14Peru18.3
World Avg3.82
q=176.

IT Security (2013)
Lower is better
35
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
58Turkmenistan1.23
59Kazakhstan1.23
60Djibouti1.29
61UK1.34
62Mongolia1.42
63Uganda1.44
64Ukraine1.44
65Nepal1.45
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100021
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
45Malaysia13.6
46Latvia13.6
47Australia14.1
48UK14.6
49Sri Lanka14.8
50Micronesia15.0
51Tonga15.2
52Mongolia15.7
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)
Lower is better

Per Capita36
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
164Spain11.2
165Bulgaria11.4
166Denmark11.4
167UK11.6
168Slovenia11.6
169Germany11.8
170Luxembourg11.9
171Ireland11.9
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %37
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
72Tuvalu94.9
73Eritrea94.7
74Singapore94.6
75UK94.6
76Solomon Islands94.5
77Norway94.3
78Bolivia94.2
79UAE94.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
38
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
107UAE 715
108Namibia 740
109Papua New Guinea 826
110UK 827
111Sweden 831
112Laos 836
113Iran 869
114Thailand 895
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)
Lower is better

Per 100k39
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
36Italy12.8
37Macedonia13.5
38Mauritius13.7
39UK13.9
40Ecuador14.1
41Spain15.3
42Argentina15.6
43Thailand15.8
World Avg20.93
q=91.

8. Politics and Freedom

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better

Treaties40
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
51Uganda19
52Colombia19
53Switzerland19
54UK19
55Venezuela19
56Lesotho19
57Rwanda19
58Finland19
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better

Rank41
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
4Ireland4
5Denmark5
6UK6
7Canada6
8Australia6
9Finland9
10Netherlands10
11Luxembourg11
12Austria11
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better
42
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
26Australia1524
27Uruguay1592
28Portugal1675
29UK1689
30Ghana1727
31Suriname1819
32USA1822
33Lithuania1824
World Avg3249
q=178.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions
Lower is better

%43
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
4Netherlands5
5Vietnam6
6UK8
7Denmark9
8USA9
9Tanzania12
10Thailand13
11Czech Rep.13
12Canada14
q=101.
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
Lower is better
44
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
4Canada3.75
5Australia5.25
6UK6.75
7Ireland6.75
8Sri Lanka8
9Qatar9
10Trinidad & Tobago10
11Netherlands10
q=156.
Global Peace Index (2012)
Lower is better
45
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
26Slovakia1.59
27Taiwan1.60
28Netherlands1.61
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
31Botswana1.62
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
q=157.
Research and Development
Higher is better

% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.29
2Israel4.11
3Japan3.58
...
18Netherlands1.97
19Iceland1.89
20Norway1.70
21UK1.70
22Canada1.61
23Ireland1.52
24Estonia1.43
25Hungary1.37
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)
Higher is better
46
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
18France7.0
19Ireland7.0
20Belgium6.9
21UK6.9
22Oman6.9
23Iceland6.9
24Korea, S.6.9
25Mexico6.8
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $19
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
23Belgium$41 243
24Finland$38 868
25France$38 085
26UK$37 931
27Japan$37 268
28Bahrain$37 236
29Iceland$37 065
30Korea, S.$34 541
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)
Higher is better
47
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
13Slovakia74.5
14UK74.2
15New Zealand73.4
16Chile73.3
17Germany73.2
18Italy73.1
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)
Higher is better

Score48
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
16Luxembourg165
17Portugal135
18Greenland135
19UK130
20Uruguay125
21Peru120
22Poland115
23Guatemala115
q=211.
IQ (2006)
Higher is better49
1Singapore108
2Hong Kong108
3Korea, S.106
...
10Mongolia101
11Norway100
12Netherlands100
13UK100
14Austria100
15Finland99
16Canada99
17Poland99
q=138.

10. Christian Child Abuse in the UK50

The United Kingdom has seen many cases of paedophile priests, including many cases where Bishops and other senior Christians have protected paedophiles, moving them from post to post when accusations surface.

Current edition: 2004
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
http://www.vexen.co.uk/UK/index.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#afterlife #beliefs #buddhism #christianity #france #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #UK #universalism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Aug 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Ipsos-NA. Ipsos-North America.
(2011) Supreme Being(s), the Afterlife and Evolution. Ipsos press release page, link to raw data. Accessed 2017 May 29. The poll was conducted in 23 developed and mostly rich countries - it would be unwise to use their irresponsibly extrapolated data on "global beliefs", but their data on individual countries is still good..

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

NSS. The National Secular Society, London, UK.
Newsline. Weekly news letter. See: "Secularism" by Vexen Crabtree (2011).

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. Added to this page on 2017 Jun 20.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "England" .^
  11. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Northern Ireland" .^
  12. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Scotland" .^
  13. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Wales" .^
  14. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  15. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  16. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  17. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  18. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  19. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  20. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  21. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  22. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote (1893+) New Zealand, Australia, Finland" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  23. Gallup (2009) .^
  24. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009).^
  25. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  26. Ipsos (2011) .^
  27. British Social Attitudes Suvey results from 2009, published 2011 Jan. URL accessed 2011 Jan 26.^
  28. You Gov poll results, published 2014 Apr 23.^
  29. Tearfund research, "Churchgoing in the UK" 2007 Apr 03. The survey involved 7000 UK adults aged 16 or over, interviewed between 8th February to 5th March 2006.^
  30. Office for National Statistics (ONS) "Religion in England", analysis of the 2011 National Census data, covering England and Wales. Published 2012 Dec 11 on URL ons.gov.uk/...290510.pdf accessed 2012 Dec 11. For pre-publication of datsets for minority religions, I have used the data published by The Guardian on guardian.co.uk/...census-religion accessed 2012 Dec 11.^
  31. A poll of 64,303 representative British adults carried out by the YouGov pollsters in collaboration with Cambridge University's Department of Politics and International Studies. Reported in National Secular Society newsline (2011 Sep 23).^
  32. Freedom House publication "Freedom on the Net 2012" at www.freedomhouse.org/.../FOTN%202012%20-%20Tables%20and%20Charts%20FINAL.pdf accessed 2013 Feb 05.^
  33. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  34. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  35. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 4.4. Malware and Email Spam (2010-2) " by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  36. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  37. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  38. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  39. UN (2013) World Health Organisation statistics. Suicide Rates Per 100k.^
  40. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  41. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  42. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  43. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  44. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  45. ^
  46. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  47. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  48. Higher is better. Sources:^
  49. Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg (2009) .^
  50. Added to this page on 2015 Apr 05.^
  51. The Independent article "Church to review abuse handling as paedophile investigator is jailed for child porn" (2011 Oct 28) accessed 2013 Feb 13.^
  52. Pink News (2015) article "Catholic priest had huge gay S&M porn collection, court hears" (2015 Feb 23). Accessed 2015 Apr 15.^
  53. The Guardian (2015) article "Priest jailed for abusing boy at children's home". Accessed 2015 Apr 15 (2015 Mar 27.^
  54. BBC News website, "Country Profile: United Kingdom", accessed 2006 Sep 28.
  55. Office for National Statistics Social Trends 2007 on www.statistics.gov.uk.

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