All pages Copyright Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved. If you want to copy any of my text, then quote and attribute it properly and accurately. There are widely used legal precedents for taking reasonably sized quotations from published material as long as you attribute it. Where pages are attributed to other authors, the page itself remains copyrighted by myself. If you want to put any images I have created on your site, then contact me and ask.
Vexen Crabtree is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
The Amazon Associate program operating agreement update 2011 Sep 22 requires that the above declaration is made. In short, I get a small commission for each book that is bought from (1) the book links I have on my pages and (2) the occasional box of Amazon book adverts. This gives me some revenue to occasionally buy a few books, and partially recoup the costs of hosting my domains.
Many of my sites have a floating Google Ads section on the right-hand side. As part of my use of Google Ads, I have to tell you the following information:
Google's use of the DART cookie enables it and its partners to serve ads based on users visits to my sites and/or other sites on the Internet.
Sources of information should always be checked. No authority, claim or assertion should exist unchallenged or be accepted unconditionally. This is why I provide extensive sources and try to always state where I obtained information from. Nonetheless, sometimes mistakes get through the net. If somebody tells me something then it has first been filtered, translated, stored, recalled, re-interpreted and then re-transmitted by at least two fallible Human Beings. Sometimes I may have been misinformed. I could have read an ill-researched book or somebody could have lied. Perhaps it's a conspiracy to deceive or a popular delusion that has undermined my data. No matter what the reason is, I rectify mistakes upon becoming aware of them. So, please, make me aware using the feedback pages I have put on nearly every page.
I am always appalled at how many spelling mistakes, misconstructed sentences and English eccentricities haunt my writing. It seems every time I review a page, I spot English errors that need correcting. If you spot some, please let me know. I do not mind the occurrence of some Americanisms, just like I will occasionally use Latin, French or German phrases (etc). I try to employ spellcheckers but as I write nearly everything in Notepad, sometimes I forget! Don't judge me too harshly about that, ok! This quote from a school report (10 years ago) is amusing and relevant:
“[Vexen] is quiet in class, but is an industrious worker. His imagination is easily fired and he writes with real flair, using good vocabulary to express himself. He writes at length and presents his work well. Obviously he thinks about things and has an individual mind. His weakness is spelling. I want [him] to use the dictionary, to check spellings and to check his final draft after completion.”
Gillian Tomlinson (1992), English teacher report.
Some of my pages are opinionated, arrogant and immature. Be warned. If the information on any of my pages offends or insults someone; then so be it. There are so many people that everything written will insult someone. I do not do it on purpose and any such insult is not an attack on any individual. Such forcefulness comes from my enthusiasm for truth and the advancement of humanity.
I am a provider of information. What people decide to do with that information is out of my hands, and not my responsibility! People should take into account the long term consequences of their actions and I provide information to help with people's lives as best I can. All information provided is given with the intent of improving the secure, stable, truth-centered life, and is not to be used destructively.
I thrive on factual arguments. To argue with strong arguments is my favorite method of learning. I have no problems with admitting that I'm made a mistake. I've made mistakes in the past and will continue to do so. You cannot annoy me by having a differing opinion (only by failing to learn or engage). If you do a contrary web page I'll link it in the relevant place, or quote you. Use the Contact Vexen! page. Anything that makes people think is good.
“I think acceptance of personal criticism is an essential part of self development. I think being able to automatically accept criticism is better than automatically rejecting it.”
If you want to use an image from my server, copy the image to one of your own stores on the Internet. Do not merely embed my image into your page or profile. When I notice an image getting hits from alien servers, I will rename the image, which means the image on your profile will disappear and break. I pay for the bandwidth that I use from my web host, when you steal images like that it is bad netiquette.
I support the:
Let's Fix Our Broken Spelling!
I want to pick words that are insulting to the fewest people. I want to pick words that do not reflect unnecessarily on the sex, race or religion of the person I am talking with/about.
There are also two older and deprecated dating letters:
BC means Before Christ1 and is a reference to a prediction of the Christian messiah's birth date made in the second millennium. The date of Jesus Christ's birth is known to be about 4 BCE, so the reference is poor.
CE has the same value as AD, and BCE has the same value as BC. They are interchangeable systems. CE and BCE are the correct terms to use for reasons of fairness. Less than a third of the world is Christian, and expecting others to conform to a religious convention that is not their own is immoral - the neutral system of CE and BCE is far fairer1. Using the term "BC" and "AD" shows inconsideracy for others' feelings and beliefs (unless of course they do not know the difference (like most people), which is why I wrote this!). Choosing to use "BCE" and "CE" is to avoid endorsing any religion, and is therefore suitable for communication in the modern world.”
The YYYY MM DD date format is the internationally agreed concise format for unambiguous dates and ought to be adopted by everyone. It is logical, with the biggest denominators being listed first (the same way as numbers, times and weights are), making it easily sortable and utterly clear. The International Organization for Standardization specification for the International Date Format is the ISO-8601 format, adopted so far by the computer industry in general (due to the advantages of sorting by dates in filenames), United Nations, commerce groups, scientific communities and some Western governments, although most individuals generally continue to use culture-specific date formats. "2005 03 29" is an example of an ISO-8601-compliant date.”
Hir is a short word for "His/Her" or "Him/Her". Instead of writing the awkward sentence "Where is his/her file?" we write "Where is hir file?". Many other languages (such as Cantonese, Chinese and French) have a word that means "him/her" or "she/he". There is no easy way to shorten (s)he, so I accept "(s)he" as a good enough construct. The word "it" is unfortunately seen as too impersonal to be used for humans of unknown or irrelevant gender, which is why the proposals for a gender-neutral pronoun have been one of the most common elements of English reform. Most the time, the use of the word "they" in a singular way will suffice but sometimes this causes ambiguity if, in context, it might be referring to a plural number of other people. There are many wild suggestions out there to fix these problems, hir is one of the most textually aesthetic. Its drawback is that there is a tendency to pronounce it exactly the same as "her".
When I say I "study theology" some people assume I mean Christianity, because this is what it most frequently means however the term doesn't only mean the study of Christian theology:
“I am using the plural ['theologies'] here deliberately. A polytheistic religion gives many different accounts of the divine beings, and these accounts, or theologies, reflect the divine patronage of their inventors. People sometimes raise their eyebrows when they hear of Pagan theology, but in fact the word 'theology' dates from Pagan times and was first used concerning Pagan deities.”
The -ize spelling is the original British English ending and predates -ise by up to hundreds of years. Nowadays it is called Oxford Spelling and is used extensively by Oxford University Press and the OED. Cambridge University Press have the opposite stance and consider -ise to be the norm. Historically, English has seen both variants used in abundance. Neither one is more correct or more modern.
Because the Americans have limited themselves to the -ize spelling, for whatever reason, many in the rest of the English-speaking world have reacted by calling it "the American spelling" and therefore limited themselves to the -ise spelling. This is pointless sectarian reactionism and people should be corrected when they call z-spelling "AmericaniZation"! It is not.
An Oxford English blog states that "the '-ize' forms have been in use in English spelling since the 15th century: they didn't originate in American use" and gives examples of its use from 1425 and 1611 for the words organize and realize, whereas the first "-ise" spelling was not recorded until 1755.3
The same blog explains more:
“The situation is slightly complicated by the fact that certain verbs must always be spelled with '-ise' at the end in British English, rather than '-ize': this is generally because they have come into the English language in a different way. You can also check out a list of these verbs. The difficulty in remembering which words belong to this group is perhaps one of the reasons that -ise spellings were adopted more widely in British English. [...]
In British English, it doesn't matter which spelling convention is chosen: neither is right or wrong, and neither is 'more right' than the other. The important thing is that, whichever form you choose, you should use it consistently within a piece of writing.”
By Vexen Crabtree 1999 Feb 01
(Last Modified: 2016 Oct 20)
Parent page: Vexen Crabtree's Websites: Forcing Humanity Onwards
Breuilly, O'Brien & Palmer
(1997) Religions of the World. Hardback book. Subtitled: "The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions, & Festivals". Published by Lionheart Books. By Elizabeth Breuilly, Joanne O'Brien & Martin Palmer. Published for Transedition Limited and Fernleigh Books.
Harvey, Graham & Hardman, Charlotte
(1995) Pagan Pathways. Paperback book. 2000 edition. Originally published 1995. Current version published by Thorsons.